Placenta Abruption – What Are the Effects?
You may have heard the term “Placenta Placenta Abruption” or commonly referred to as PLAC. This is a fairly common term that describes an infection from the placenta. The placenta is the umbilical cord that supplies nutrients and oxygen to the fetus. During pregnancy, a placenta continuously produces oxygen and nutrients for the fetus. When implantation occurs, there is a hole in the skull for the placenta to fill. The mother can experience a variety of symptoms throughout her pregnancy due to this infection.
Women with severe symptoms have experienced long hospital stays and even undergone surgery to remove their placenta. Even routine procedures like holding the head back in a newborn position can be dangerous because of the risk of infection. When the placenta is damaged by constant infection, there is no longer enough support for the growing fetus inside the uterus. Placenta loss increases the chance of SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome) and causes premature delivery of the child. If not properly diagnosed and treated, this can be life threatening for the mother.
Most women never suffer any harm from this mild infection, but some does have some discomfort. Symptoms may include feeling tired and weak, a frequent need to urinate, and pain during intercourse or on the menstrual cycle. Sometimes, there are also cramps and spotting, but these tend to go away as soon as the placenta begins to break up. If you experience any of these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.
The cause of placenta abruption is still unclear. It has been postulated that hormonal changes, diet, smoking, and douching may lead to this condition. Hypertension and diabetes are two other risk factors. It’s also possible that placenta previa is a sign of fetal infection, although this is very rare. Most women who experience this do so because of some other reason, such as preeclampsia.
Having your placenta removed during pregnancy is sometimes necessary. During pregnancy, your doctor will likely use a caesarean section to help control your labor and delivery. He or she may also decide to remove the placenta if your baby is extremely large or has severe disabilities. These risks and complications have far fewer occurrences in pregnancies that end in childbirth than in those that continue past the birth.
There are several ways to treat placenta abruption, including antibiotics. If your infection doesn’t clear up on its own, you may require antibiotic treatment. Your doctor will perform tests to identify which infection is causing the problem and prescribe the appropriate medication. If antibiotics are ineffective, your doctor may recommend amoxicillin or doxycycline. Consult your doctor about the side effects and benefits of these medications.
Another treatment option for placenta abruption is to remove the placenta using surgical methods. A surgical incision can be made in your uterus and the placenta and fetus can be removed. This is referred to as “infertility removal”. Your surgeon may also choose to cut and scrape the membrane surrounding the placenta to aid in the removal of the placenta.
In most cases of placenta abruption, infection will clear up within a few weeks, although it could take a month or more if the placenta has been damaged. Your health care provider will advise you of any follow-up visits and the normal care that you should expect. You may also be advised to avoid certain foods while you heal from your procedure. To return to regular activities, your child would have to be induced into life after birth.
The use of antibiotics often causes side effects, so you should discuss this with your doctor. If a blood test shows that you are sensitive to antibiotics, he or she may change the medication to another one. Some women experience infections following placenta extraction and this can usually be treated with antibiotics. It is important not to self-medicate. Seek medical advice and do not self-treat or give yourself painkillers. These medicines could worsen the condition of the infection and cause other complications.
The longer the placenta remains in the uterus, the higher the chances of infection. The longer it is in the body, the lower the oxygen levels inside the womb. When this happens, the chances of infection increases. Also, if a woman is allergic to certain medications, the placenta is more likely to be affected.
Most women who experience placenta abruption, as it is also called, experience the placenta getting stuck in the fallopian tubes, where the fertilized egg will soon be released. This can cause major trauma on the ovaries. There are some women who experience the placenta getting swallowed during delivery. However, swallowing the placenta is not considered to be an infection, but rather a tummy ache. This usually goes away after a few hours.